Essay On Communalism In India For Students – Read Here

Communalism is a political and sociological concept and a term used in the Indian context to describe the economic and social system of India. Communalism is a form of social organization which requires the sharing of resources and the take-over of administration.

Communalism in India is an important political movement that has been in existence for more than a century. The socio-economic conditions of the people at large in India has been the major cause of the communalism. The communalism has been the source of many problems in the country. The communalism in India has divided the people of the country into different communities. The Communalism has hurt the philosophy of equality in the society.

Communalism is a very powerful idea. It has a huge role to play in debates on issues such as Gay rights, Anti-terrorism, Corporate Corruption, etc. Communalism is a way of life that is very attractive especially to the third world countries. It has been adopted by various countries as the main system of government. It is the most prominent political philosophy in the world. It has also made its way into various fields of life. It is a subject that is very difficult to understand and comprehend. It has been argued by many people as to why communalism has grown in certain countries.



As we interpret it in our nation, communalism is blind devotion to one’s own religious community. It is defined as a technique for mobilizing people for or against a cause by making a community plea. Religious fanaticism and dogmatism are used to oppose communalism. Communism is a sociological phenomena defined by the religious beliefs of two groups, often resulting in communal conflict and even riots between them. It is a tool in the hands of the higher caste to consolidate power by separating people.

Communalism’s Characteristics 



Communalism is a philosophical agreement.

It’s a comparison procedure.

Its expression has a wider foundation that includes social, economic, and political elements.

Many people experience competition, aggression, and conflict as a result of it.

It is used as a tool by upper-class individuals and elites to divide and exploit the community identification of the impoverished of a part of their religionists.

Communalism is simply created by the opportunistic, political, and economic interests of opposing groups and factions within a political party, or by political parties themselves.

It strikes at the very foundations of democracy, secularism, and national unity.

It has catastrophic consequences.

Communalism’s Roots 

Minorities’ Predisposition


The Muslims are unable to integrate into the national mainstream; the majority of them refuse to engage in secular patriotic politics and insist on preserving a distinct identity; and the Muslim leadership has failed to create an acceptable national ethos.

The Leaders’ Design


Communalism has thrived in India because communalist leaders from both Hindu and Muslim groups want it to thrive for the benefit of their own communities.

Poor Economic Situation


Due to their educational backwardness, the majority of Muslims in India have failed to embrace scientific and technical education; they have not been adequately represented in the failure of relative devaluation, and such sentiments contain the seeds of communalism.


Social Issues


A significant element in establishing cordial ties between any two social groupings is cultural resemblance. Hindus and Muslims, on the other hand, have such dissimilar social institutions, traditions, and practices that they consider themselves to be two separate groups.

Causes in the Mind

Psychological elements have a significant influence in communalism’s growth. Muslims are considered fanatical and disloyal by Hindus.

Muslims, on the other hand, believe that they are regarded as second-class citizens in India, and that their religious beliefs and rituals are inferior. These fillings cause a sense of unease within the community.

Mass Media’s Negative Effects 


The mass media disseminated messages about communal tensions or lack thereof in any region of the nation. As a consequence, tensions between two competing religious groups rise, resulting in rioting.

Communalism Eradication Suggestion 

Opinion Polls


Efforts should be taken via the media to change people’s attitudes about communalism, and people must be informed of the dangers of communalism.

Interfaith Marriage is a term used to describe marriage between people of different religions.



Youth groups and other kinds of associations should be established in every community to allow individuals from various communities to get to know one another.

This may assist them in engaging in inter-religious marriage, which will help to bridge the social divide between members of various faith groups.


Communalism is a socially created idea, like other ideologies. It is inextricably linked to the politics of the period, as well as the material underpinnings of society and political arrangements.

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Communalism, which is the principle of community property, is a common law all over the world. It means that the property of the people of the community is the property of the community and no person can divide the same without the permission of all. It is a form of socialism that has its roots in Hinduism.. Read more about communalism in india project pdf and let us know what you think.

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