Botany Courses Details: Syllabus, Eligibility, Career

Botanical courses focus on the scientific study of plants, and it is a growing field among students who want to learn about plant physiology. This is a three-year bachelor program. The Bachelor of Science in Botany specializes in plants, algae, fungi, and more in anatomy.  Students who follow courses such as physics, chemistry, and biology at their university (10+2) can register for this course independently. As you learn in this area, you will focus on the functioning of the elements necessary for a plant to grow, the important role that our planet plays in its growth, and other important factors that influence plant growth.

Interested candidates generally have a passion for forestry and ecology. Most hunters can start this course after class XII. The course includes academic activities related to education with a practical approach. There are special laboratories for growing plants, fungi, and algae. Students learn the theory in class as they go out for projects and certainly understand the most important factors. Every student will have to learn from concrete experiences as he makes his way through this area.

It is important that students find this subject interesting because there are many impressive things to discover. There are many exotic plants that can only be found in special laboratories. If you want to be an environmentalist, ecologist, or botanist involved in research, this is the ideal field to start with. Indian students may have doubts about whether there is a framework in the botanical courses or about the kind of things students should deal with in the botanical program, so we have a comprehensive guide to provide you with all the details you need. You will find below all the aspects you could check -.

Course botany India

Course overview botany

Since botany is a three-year degree divided into several parts, you will first learn the basics and then move on to the essential plant factors that play a key role in genetics. This course is divided into six semesters, so you can look at all the important themes and the curriculum to see how you will develop in this course.

The first year of a degree in botany is the study of…
  • Environmental science
  • Physics, statistics, and probability
  • Fundamentals of chemistry for life sciences
  • Cell biology
  • Microbiology
  • University elective courses
  • Genetics
  • Environmental biotechnology
  • Laboratories

In the first year, you will be introduced to experiments, genetics, and cell structure. Physics plays an important role in the study of the growth of plants and fungi. Every year you will learn more about the growth of the plant. For an environmental activist, the topic of the second year will be a bit interesting.

The second year of botany is devoted to the study of…
  • Medical botany
  • Anatomy of angiosperms
  • Mycology and Physiology
  • Food microbiology
  • Genetic engineering
  • Biomolecules
  • university electives
  • Plant physiology
  • Stress biology/enzyme technology
  • Plant development biology
  • Archegoniat
  • Laboratories

At the end of the second year, you will learn how food grows and what the characteristics of a fruit or vegetable are. The same factor applies to herbs and their properties. Once you have learned this, focus on the metabolic factors.

The third year of botany is the study of…
  • Plant biotechnology
  • Plant metabolism
  • Bioethics and biosafety
  • Phytopathology
  • Economic botany
  • Bioinformatics
  • Intellectual property rights
  • Plant ecology
  • The plant is systematic
  • Plant diversity and human well-being
  • Genomics
  • Analysis methods for plants
  • Projects
  • Laboratories

This year you need to create projects and understand plant ecology. Growth regulation focused on intellectual property rights and their metabolism will be most important here. At the end of this course, you will find that you have a high level of intelligence about growth and all the important factors in plants.

Eligibility criteria

Students who wish to enroll in a bachelor’s program in botany must meet two important criteria. If you want to get a good job or a better salary, government institutions are very efficient. They offer the best security for the future, but they have a limited number of seats, so the selection criteria vary depending on this factor. The two most important requirements are as follows.

  • Graduated (10+2).
  • Must have studied chemistry, physics, biology, and mathematics.

Since these are intermediate levels, you should have done pretty well. In the compulsory subjects, you have to score 50% or more in order for an institute to be recognized for better learning. If you choose the best college, university, or institute, your chances of getting a better job increase. So it is up to you to decide how many points you get in the 10+2 exams. If you don’t qualify because of a lower score, choosing a lesser-known setting may not offer what you are aiming for.

With this in mind, most reputable institutes organize entrance exams to check whether you are eligible for admission after you have obtained your grades. If they determine that you are eligible, they will conduct an admission interview. As a bonus, we suggest that you try to achieve a higher score and aim for 60% or more in order to have a better chance of reaching your desired location.

The first ten botanical institutes in India start in July and August. This will be an excellent opportunity for 12-year-old students to focus on their studies. The 2020-2021 session is rather slow due to the pandemic and no laboratories are used. But you better start with a better result. There is a big chance for the 12th candidate in the race and he has to seize it now.

Tip: Universities have first-class laboratories where you can learn a lot. Since botany is about learning new things about plants and their basis, you should try to pass the entrance exams for a better future.

Career opportunities in botany

In the coming years, there will be new jobs for smart candidates. If you have a degree in botany, you can find a wide range of jobs. Here we list all the great opportunities for you to explore your career -.

  • Botanist – You will learn about plants, their growth, structure, growth patterns, and essential health factors. In this area, it’s about improving health and finding new diseases that can kill a plant. Even you have subjects like herbs, medicines, and more.
  • Gardener – Reforestation and pruning shrubs are part of the work you’re going to do. You will take samples, collect data, learn about the roots and many other factors for the preservation of the forest and plant health.
  • Microbiologist – The study of organisms, all infectious agents, and other necessary microorganisms is part of this work. They take samples and check them to see whether they contain good or bad parts.
  • Plant taxonomist and biochemist – In both jobs you have quite similar tasks where you study plants based on their biochemistry. The structure of the company, its growth pattern, and other important factors are taken into account in this work.
  • Paleobotanist – Candidates who like to do research will love this work because it concerns fossilized plants. Plant remains to tell you a lot about their age, type, and cause of death. This way you will learn more about the remaining trees, plants, and grasses.
  • Weed Scientist – The study of drugs such as weeds or marijuana is quite fascinating to work. They control the health of the plants, their sex because marijuana plants are sex-specific, and even more so the quality. They are going to test the THC and CBD levels in the weeds.
  • Plant pathologist – If you are interested in the causes of plant diseases caused by hosts, pathogens, and environmental changes, this position is ideal for you. The focus is on plant health and how plants grow with an infection.
  • Plant researcher – Finding plants in new places and finding out why they exist in a new area is the job of a plant researcher. The study of reproduction and physiology focuses on this work. It’s a pretty popular employment option.
  • Ecologist – Many plants are dying off and many species are on the verge of extinction. Conservatives have an important role to play in preventing the spread of these plants. They prevent plants from dying off and keep them in ideal conditions.
  • Advisers to farmers – Farmers generally face many problems due to bad weather, poor land quality, or, to a lesser extent, agriculture. You help them by taking samples and offering solutions based on what is important to them.

These are all jobs that you can easily find after graduating from botany. You can get a good salary by choosing this area, but make sure you choose a popular institution for better investment and a better income.


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